Sanctified violence

Does the traditional gender definitions of our Christian tradition have a role to play in perpetrating of this heinous act?

Since my time in the seminary I’ve always found incidents such as the one referred to in the OP heartbreaking, especially when it happens in places where Christianity is the dominant world view adhered by its population. It seems that our faith born of altruistic love, has been perverted into a “who’s in and who’s out” of God’s love litmus test. Perhaps the use categories that imply inclusion and exclusion has a proximate correlation to sanctifying violence towards those who differ from dominant proscribed identities defined by our world view.

Just peace

Its always easy and popular to sound the battle cry for an all out war.

After all, its always easy to give in to our violent tendencies to destroy those that do not fit to the current system that benefits us at the cost of the life and dignity of others.

For the government war comes at the cost of re-allocating money that should have gone for social services like health, livelihoods and education, to that of financing people, technology and corporations to become more efficient at killing off its opponents, which in this case are the very people whose noble aspirations they claim to represent.

On the prospect of pursuing nonviolent resolutions to armed conflicts it is always wise that the government would pursue peace negotiations that are aimed at addressing the roots of rebellion. It is always best that it reigns over the military and chooses to go the extra mile to meet the demands of the oppressed who've taken up arms.

Since there wouldn't be any armed conflict if there wasn't any oppresive power relations that are further reinforced by the military's intervention to maintain a peace and order that preserves the status quo that does not benefit the interest of the many, who have been marginalized by the current system.
Perhaps the civillian government should exercise its power over the military by opening avenues for dialogue and negotiations with political factions that advance a narrative run contrary to theirs, and being able to humbly secede to progressive ideas that advances the common good.


Regardless of how one feels for the National Democratic (ND) movement, or how one feels about their apparent ‘silence’ in taking a more outright  and exploit anti-Duterte pronouncement in the past months before the collapse of the peace process between the National Democratic Front and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines.

One must stand in solidarity with their plight as the repercussions of the peace accord’s collapse means life and death for people and communities in the places that are at the forefront of the struggles. To the progressive non-ND’s it especially means that the ball is on their turf as to whether they’d take the higher road of choosing not to hold suspect, not ridicule and not impute blame on the ND’s organised forces once violence breaks out.

 The war on drugs, the war on liberation movements, the war on the poor and the war against those who chooses to believe and say otherwise to the narrative of the leaders who disguise their reactionary defense of the status quo as change is one and the same.

Hence the need for solidarity based on our shared humanity.

Beyond the dichotomy of animal/human rights

There is controversy over the film Oro, which narrates the gruesome massacre of four small-scale gold miners in Barangay Gata, CamarinesSur last March 22, 2014. It is a recounting of the incident of a group formed to stop illegal logging and mining activities, and which is connected to the provincial government, armed and pretending to be environmentalists, causing tension between people fighting for their livelihood while the other using the guise of 'environmental protection' to take over operations.

In the movie, we learn later that a dog was slaughtered on camera for a scene.

It sparked outrage. It ought to.

Our myopic sense of devaluing the life of both people and animals for our petty pursuit of gold, power and hedonistic satisfaction under a capitalist-consumer society commodifies human and non-human life.

The death of both human and non-human life is tragic. Environmental plunder that puts gold over people is unjust; in the same way killing dogs for the sake of artistic authenticty is equally wrong. The challenge is for all of us to recognize life's sanctity as something that transcends beyond the human specie.

Holy $#*%! A Christmas reflection

“Christmas reminds us that we are usually looking in the wrong place for hope.1” 

God’s humour and wisdom stands out in the Christmas narrative with his response to the question: Where is God? He is in the midst of nobodies accompanied by livestock in some back-alley stable reeking of camel dung and sewage.

Pleased as man with man to dwell Jesus, our Emmanuel2!

Cardboard justice

The enormity of the drug problem also correlated to complexity of the historical, social, cultural and most importantly economic conditions that created the problem in the Philippines. The rise of killings of 'supposed' drug suspects warrants the question:

  1. Does the scope of the drug problem warrant the decision of sanctioning death to whoever fits the stereotype of a pusher/user/trafficker? (Given that majority of the killings happen before arrests were made hence not providing sufficient space for forensic investigation, and judicial processing based on rule of evidence and due process.)
  2. Should we condone vigilantism and support actions that make another person as judge, jury and executioner without legal authority to do so?
  3. Have we exhausted other measures such as jobs and decent living conditions for all; properly funded rehabilitation centres, drug exchange schemes and support for all addicts, whether of legal or illegal drugs; resources to be provided for youth facilities?

A proportional response to the drug problem goes beyond intervening in the supply and demand chain of the drugs itself and definitely pointing guns based on anyone based on suspicion does 't make the mannace go away I think the current strategy of shoot now ask questions (if at all) later approach delivers little the change, reaps multifold body counts and a whole lot of collateral damage not only to those of mistaken identity but also to the spouse, parents, children, sibling and friends of those killed without the due process of law.

Take sides

Luke's account of the Christmas narrative begins with Caesar Augustus' census and ends with the shepherds praise of the messiah, giving us insight into how the child Jesus enters history and turns our preconceived notions of power.

On one hand there is Ceasar Augustus, the Roman Emperor who at that time is believed to be god-incarnate ruling over the known world under Pax Romana. Conquering lands and exerting military might that they may be subjugated to the uneasy peace under the Empire. On the other are the shepherds: nomadic wanderers tending to livestock that heed the angelic proclamation of the messiah's arrival, who after coming into an encounter with the Christ-child return to their lot rejoicing.

Here we see the startling contrast of how God's gracious condescension breaks into history with his arrival at the height of the Empire's power, choosing to arrive through a human family of middle eastern peasants and the company of livestock with no one but shepherds to call as guests of honors in a marginal town in Roman Judea.

In that little town of Bethlehem we come face-to-face with a God who takes sides and favors the company of the poor and the lowly. Veiled in the fragility of an infant Jesus, the Immanuel reveals himself in a back-alley manger to an unwed teenage peasant couple, livestock and herdsmen. Brought forth in frail humanity, the king of kings and the lord of lords enters history with the message that true power lies in our willful relinquishing of it for the sake of the Other.

The story of Christmas bids us to take the side of the lowly and to be open and vulnerable for it is the vessel upon which we can encounter the divine and live up to Jesus' edict to care care for “the least of these”(Mt. 25:40), and come out of the ordeal as the shepherds glorifying and praising God for all the things we had heard and seen.

When Harry Lee died

When Harry Lee died his neighbors from the north east cried and wished they had a leader much like him because he ushered progress by wielding an iron fist.

While we mourn his death and celebrate his achievements. Let us remember that Singapore's history cannot be simply reduced according to the account of its leader. Nor should we forget that this progress  also came at a significant cost for human rights...

It’s very dangerous to think that countries, especially those that that have little semblance with Singapore’s, size, geography, economy, ethnicities, and history, could benefit from a leader like Lee Kuan Yew.

Morality won't help her when she lies silent in a morgue

Jennifer is dead and the people won’t mourn her death. Because she was gay. Because she was a prostitute. Dead at the hands of a murderer.

At the end of the day what we can be said is that: Murder is wrong. Subjugating people for sexual gratification is wrong.

The tragedy in Jennifer’s death is that we live in a society where economic conditions force people to sell their bodies for money.

The injustice is that prostitution is reinforced and legitimized by Jennifer’s clientele.

Finding meaning in uncertainty

2000 years ago something life-changing happened to a young couple. It was news of a child. It was news unexpected. It wasn’t something they prepared for.

Yet it was welcomed with meaning in the midst of uncertainty. It was looked upon as a blessing from the Divine: a child born of a virgin. Little did they know that this child was the embodiment of God’s gracious condescension to actualize love in tangible terms as, Immanuel, among the presence peasants, foreigners, an unmarried couple and a flock of livestock all outcasts under the shadow of the Empire.

In the obscure little town of Bethlehem, everything came to a halt as heaven and nature sang a joyful chorus to celebrate the arrival of new life.

The Christmas story reminds us that our response to the anxiety of the present, finds cosmic meaning when we look at the unexpected, as a gift that invite us into a journey of encounter with the divine. It challenges us to not be distracted from the unnecessary pageantries that come with the season and calls us to relinquish control and to trust that all things work out for good.